Teaching About Thanksgiving - Part II (fwd)

P. Myers (mpwr@u.washington.edu)
Mon, 23 Nov 1998 15:47:23 -0800 (PST)


cross posted with permission.  Pat Myers


<A HREF=3D"aol://4344:1723.NAthank4.14701682.564865853">Thanksgiving Massac=
re
</A>


HAPPY TURKEY DAY!!!!!!!! to all those who celebrated. "Thanksgiving Day was
first officially proclaimed by the governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony in
1637 to commemorate the massacre of 700 Indian men, women and children who
were celebrating their annual green corn dance Thankgiving Day to them-in
their own house," William Newell, 84, said recently. "Gathered in this plac=
e
of meeting they were attacked by mercenaries and english and dutch. The
Indians were ordered from the building and as they came forth they were sho=
t
down. The rest were burned alive in the building," he said.  Newell based h=
is
research on studies of Holland documents and the 13-volume colonial
Documentary History, both thick sets of letters and reports from colonial
officials to their superiors and the king in England, and the private paper=
s
of sir William Johnson, British Indian agent for New York colony mfor 36 ye=
ars
in the mid 1600's. Newell, a Penobscot Indian, has degrees from Syracruse a=
nd
the University of Pennsylvania and is a former chairman of the University o=
f
Connecticut Anthropology department.  Based on this information, a nationwi=
de
call for a "National Day of Mourning" is being called to those individuals =
who
support this effort in truth. We hope that many of you who read this join u=
s
in a day of prayer and fast for healing

~~~~
ANOTHER Version

The year was 1637.....700 men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe,
gathered for their "Annual Green Corn Dance" in the area that is now known =
as
Groton, Conn.

While they were gathered in this place of meeting, they were surrounded and
attacked by mercernaries of the English and Dutch.=A0 The Indians were orde=
red
from the building and as they came forth, they were shot down. The rest wer=
e
burned alive in the building.

The next day, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared : "A da=
y
of Thanksgiving, thanking God that they had eliminited over 700 men, women =
and
children. For the next 100 years, every "Thanksgiving Day" ordained by a
Governor or President was to honor that victory, thanking God that the batt=
le
had been won.


<A HREF=3D"aol://4344:1723.NAthank1.14701677.564864224">Thanksgiving for th=
e
Pequot Tribe</A>

The year was 1637.....700 men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe,
gathered for their "Annual Green Corn Dance" in the area that is now known =
as
Groton, Conn.

While they were gathered in this place of meeting, they were surrounded and
attacked by mercernaries of the English and Dutch.=A0 The Indians were orde=
red
from the building and as they came forth, they were shot down.  The rest we=
re
burned alive in the building.

The next day, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared : "A da=
y
of Thanksgiving, thanking God that they had eliminited over 700 men, women =
and
children. For the next 100 years, every "Thanksgiving Day" ordained by a
Governor or President was to honor that victory, thanking God that the batt=
le
had been won.

Source: Documents of Holland, 13 Volume Colonial Documentary History, lette=
rs
and reports form colonial officials to their superiors and the King in Engl=
and
and the private papers of Sir William Johnson, Britsh Indian agent for the =
New
York colony for 30 years.

Researched by William B. Newell (Penobscot Tribe) Former Chairman of the
University of Connecticut Anthropology Department.