HIV & Homeless Drug Users: Am J of Drug & Alcohol Abuse Online

Tom Boland (wgcp@earthlink.net)
Fri, 29 May 1998 10:19:22 -0700 (PDT)


FWD  CDC National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention
     CDC NCHSTP Daily News Update
     ftp://ftp.cdcnac.org/DailyNews.
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     May 29, 1998 - PEER-REVIEWED JOURNALS


"Prevalence of HIV Infection and HIV Risk Behaviors Associated
With Living Place: On-the-Street Homeless Drug Users as a Special
Target Population for Public Health Intervention"
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Online (05/98) Vol.
24, No. 2, P. 299; Smereck, Geoffrey A.; Hockman, Elaine M.
     Researchers in Michigan surveyed out-of-treatment drug
injectors and crack cocaine users in the National Institute on Drug
Abuse Cooperative Agreement project to determine the prevalence
of HIV infection.  Overall, they found an 11.2 percent HIV-positive
rate, with a 19 percent incidence among on-the-street (OTS)
homeless.  The HIV infection rate among OTS homeless Hispanic
males was 29 percent and 32 percent among OTS Hispanic females.
OTS homeless African-American females had a 38 percent positive
rate.  The authors concluded that the use of drug paraphernalia
following use by an HIV-infected person, crack cocaine use, and
the frequency of drug injection were strong predictors of HIV
incidence.  According to the researchers, the findings show that
shelter dwelling and OTS homelessness should not be considered
equivalent when assessing AIDS patterns.  They also suggest that
targeted public health interventions be aimed at on-the-street
homeless.

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