Fw: Edupage, 18 December 1997

H. C. Covington (ach1@sprynet.com)
Sat, 20 Dec 1997 00:57:33 -0600

-----Original Message-----
From: Edupage Editors +ADw-educom+AEA-educom.unc.edu+AD4-
To: H. C. Sonny Covington +AEA- I CAN+ACE- America
Lafayette -  New Iberia, LA  70563-1722
(318) 364-6239  Fax 318-367-9141

Date: Thursday, December 18, 1997 2:44 PM
Subject: Edupage, 18 December 1997

Edupage, 18 December 1997.  Edupage, a summary of news about information
technology, is provided three times a week as a service by Educom,
a Washington, D.C.-based consortium of leading colleges and universities
seeking to transform education through the use of information technology.

        Netscape's Battle Tactics
        Justice Seeks Contempt Ruling In Microsoft Case
        Clinton Honors Net Pioneers, Okays +ACQ-96 Million In New Tech Funding
        Tactical Shift By Workstation Companies

        Debate Over Privacy Issue:  Regulation Vs. Self-Regulation
        New Domain Name Group Offers To Expand Membership
        Information Technology At Cal State

Seeking to take advantage of the court order prohibiting Microsoft from
requiring PC manufacturers that license the Windows 95 operating system to
install Internet Explorer browser on the computers they sell, Netscape
Communications is taking three major actions:  it is using hundreds of Web
sites to provide instructions and software for eliminating Explorer from a
user's computer+ADs-  negotiating with PC makers to convince them to add
Netscape Navigator to new computers+ADs-  and launching a massive campaign to
distribute Navigator through third parties.  (Washington Post 17 Dec 97)

The U.S. Justice Department is asking a federal judge to hold Microsoft in
contempt for what it terms a +ACI-naked attempt+ACI- to circumvent the purpose of a
court order mandating the separation of its Internet Explorer browser
software from its Windows operating system.  +ACI-Microsoft has gone from tying
its products to tying the hands of its vendors,+ACI- says an assistant attorney
general for the antitrust division.  +ACI-The more Microsoft continues its
practices, the more consumers are harmed.+ACI-  A Microsoft VP counters that
company is complying with the court order by offering PC makers a choice of
deleting the Internet Explorer software, which then impairs the newer
Windows 95 operating system, or installing an older 1995 version that works
without the browser.  Meanwhile, an antitrust attorney following the case
warns:  +ACI-If one is in violation of the spirit of an order while complying
with the letter, that can indeed come back to haunt you.+ACI-  (Wall Street
Journal 18 Dec 97)

President Clinton has awarded Vint Cerf and Robert E. Kahn the National
Medal of Technology for their creation of the TCP/IP protocol.  In
Clinton announced +ACQ-96 million in new funding for technology R+ACY-D projects,
including smaller microcomputer and microprocessor development, handheld
videophones, and radio ID cards for missing children.  The new money will
combine with industry-pledged funds totaling +ACQ-200 million in R+ACY-D for
government-sponsored projects in 1998.  (TechWeb 16 Dec 97)

Silicon Graphics Inc.'s plan to allow SGI graphics software to run on
Microsoft's Windows NT operating system provides new evidence that a
number of companies are giving up on Unix and instead standardizing on
Windows NT.  SGI hopes to be able to use its experience in developing
high-end graphics software without having to spend a great deal of time
building the underlying technology represented by an operating system.
(Washington Post  17 Dec 97)


Civil libertarians are unhappy with the Federal Trade Commission's decision
to allow self-policing and +ACI-voluntary guidelines+ACI- by companies that
personal information on people -- companies such as Lexis-Nexis, Equifax,
and Information America.  +ACI-Privacy Times+ACI- newsletter editor Evan Hendricks
says:  +ACI-The reality is that many of the players here don't have a very good
history of complying either with the Fair Credit Reporting Act or voluntary
guidelines.  Congress should just do its job and pass a law and give
Americans the rights they deserve.+ACI-  But FTC chairman Robert Pitofsky says:
+ACI-This is an impressive step in the direction of self-regulation.  The
history of self-regulation is you start here and then see where you go in
the future.+ACI-  (New York Times 18 Dec 97)

The Geneva-based Policy Oversight Committee -- the group attempting to
replace the U.S. government's role as Internet domain name allocator -- has
offered to increase its membership from 11 to 20 members, including
representatives of Internet service providers and users.  The committee
hopes this latest move will help to deflect some of the criticism it has
faced, but some members say this latest move is too insignificant to give
the moral authority it will need to do its job effectively. Currently,
are 200 organizations supporting the Geneva group's efforts.  +ACI-I think that
1,000-plus members need to be recruited first to give it credibility,+ACI- says
one British committee member.  The U.S. will give up its responsibility on
March 31, 1998.  (TechWeb 16 Dec 97)

The Chronicle of Higher Education is issuing the following correction of
article last week about a proposed technology plan for the California State
University system:  Rather than automatically receiving the money that the
system currently budgets each year for computing technology, the
envisioned in the plan would make proposals to individual campuses to win
their business.  Also, people who are now employees of the university
would remain so.  (Chronicle of Higher Education 19 Dec 97)

Edupage is written by John Gehl (gehl+AEA-educom.edu) and Suzanne Douglas
(douglas+AEA-educom.edu).    Telephone:  770-590-1017

Technical support for distributing Edupage is provided by Information
Technology Services at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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Educom Review ... is our bimonthly print magazine on information technology
and education  ...   Subscriptions are +ACQ-18 a year in the U.S.+ADs-  send mail
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Translations +ACY- Archives... Edupage is translated into Estonian, German,
Greek, Hungarian, Korean, Portuguese, and Spanish.  For accessing
instructions, send a blank message to translations+AEA-educom.unc.edu.

Today's Honorary  Subscriber is C(harles) P(ercy) Snow (1905-1980), the
English physicist, novelist, and government bureaucrat who is perhaps best
remembered as the creator of the phrase +ACI-the two cultures+ACI- to describe the
lack of communication between the scientific and literary communities.
Here is a sample passage from the famous +ACI-The Two Cultures+ACI- lecture he gave
at Cambridge in 1959:
     +ACI-Most scientists would claim that you cannot comprehend the world
unless you know the structure of science, in particular of physical
In a sense, and a perfectly genuine sense, that is true.  Not to have read
'War and Peace' and 'La Cousine Bette' and 'La Chartreuse de Parme' is not
to be educated+ADs-  but so is not have a glimmer of the Second Law of
Thermodynamics.  Yet that case ought not to be pressed too far.  It is more
justifiable to say that those without any scientific understanding miss a
whole body of experience:  they are rather like the tone deaf, from whom
musical experience is cut off and who have to get on without it.  The
intellectual invasions of science are, however, penetrating deeper.
Psychoanalysis once looked like a deep invasion, but that was a false
cybernetics may turn out to be the real thing, driving down into the
problems of will and cause and motive.  If so, those who do not understand
the method will not understand the depths of their own cultures.+ACI-

Educom -- Transforming Education Through Information Technology