The Sunflower (Forwarded) 12/97

Peace through Reason (prop1@prop1.org)
Mon, 08 Dec 1997 21:08:08 -0500


                           THE SUNFLOWER

               a free electronic monthly newsletter

                      No. 7, December 1997=20

                NUCLEAR AGE PEACE FOUNDATION

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      The Sunflower is an educational newsletter providing

      information on nuclear weapons abolition and other issues

              relating to peace in the Nuclear Age.=20


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                           IN THIS ISSUE   =20

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                # NEWS

                   - NATIONS BAN LANDMINES

                   - GROWING ABOLITION 2000 MEMBERSHIP

                   - MORE THAN 150 COUNTRIES NEGOTIATE CLIMATE TREATY

                   - RUSSIA MODERNIZES ITS STRATEGIC FORCES

                # NEWS BRIEFS

                # ACTIONS YOU CAN TAKE

                # DECEMBER DATES TO REMEMBER

                # FOUNDATION NEWS

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"The [landmine] treaty says the weapon is inhumane and illegal, period
....Not that it is illegal and inhumane for everyone in the world but the
U.S." -- Jody Williams, Nobel Peace Laureate


"For the U.S. government to insist that the greatest military power in
the world must use this coward=92s weapons, even while over 100 other
countries have abandoned it, is an insult to the American people." --
Susannah Sirkin, deputy director of Physicians for Human Rights


"I admire and love my country very much....but I am extraordinarily
disappointed that the U.S. is not here signing today.  By not signing, we
give others an excuse not to sign.  We become part of the problem."  --
Senator Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.)


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                               NEWS

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                        NATIONS BAN LANDMINES

The Landmine Treaty is being signed in Ottawa by over 100 countries.  The
treaty outlaws the stockpiling, manufacture, sale and use of
anti-personnel landmines.  There would not be a landmine treaty without
the considerable efforts of citizen action groups around the globe.=20
Lloyd Axworthy, the Canadian Foreign Minister, called the signing of the
treaty "a defining moment," and acknowledged that "international public
opinion has determined that there must be limits to human behavior even
on the battlefield."  Unfortunately, the U.S., Russia, and China have not
yet been willing to commit to these limits by signing the treaty.  For
their efforts to achieve this ban on landmines, Jody Williams and the
International Campaign to Ban Landmines will be receiving the Nobel Peace
Prize in Oslo, Norway on December 10th. -- 	If landmines can be banned,
why not all weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons?=20
Biological and chemical weapons have already been banned.  The next great
goal is to outlaw nuclear weapons, which constitute the greatest threat
to the future of humanity.

----> Landmine Ban Treaty text:=20

----> http://www.wagingpeace.org/landmine_treaty_text_oslo.html


---|x| "Here we have 125 governments recognizing that the tide of
history

---|x| has changed....It's a new definition of superpower. It is not
one,

---|x| it is everybody. We are the superpower."=20

---|x|                           -- Jody Williams, Nobel Prize Laureate=20


                   GROWING ABOLITION 2000 MEMBERSHIP

Abolition 2000: A Global Network to Eliminate Nuclear Weapons is a
dynamic international citizen movement that calls for conclusion by the
year 2000 of a treaty to eliminate nuclear weapons within a timebound
framework.  As of December 2, 1997 there were 867 organizations that have
signed the Abolition 2000 Statement.  The Abolition 2000 Network is well
on its way to the 1,000 mark which it set as a goal for the
Non-Proliferation Treaty Preparatory Conference (NPT PrepCom) next April.
 For the most recent listing see http://www.wagingpeace.org/organizs.html
.  We also now have 146 municipalities that have passed a resolution
supporting the abolition of nuclear weapons.  See
http://www.wagingpeace.org/municlist.html .  For=20

more information on Abolition 2000 see:
ttp://www.wagingpeace.org/abolition2000.html


   NOTE   ->| Recent prominent individuals signing the Abolition 2000=20

   NOTE   ->| International Petition include several Nobel Laureates:=20

   NOTE   ->| His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama, Elie Wiesel, Roald=20

   NOTE   ->| Hoffman, Edmond Fischer, and Frederick Sanger.=20

   NOTE   ->| For a copy of the petition:

                    GO TO:  http://www.wagingpeace.org/ablstate.html


           MORE THAN 150 COUNTRIES NEGOTIATE CLIMATE TREATY

Over 5,000 delegates representing more than 150 countries are meeting in
Kyoto, Japan from December 1 to 10 to reach an agreement on the reduction
of greenhouse gases.  Human activities are altering Earth=92s climate in
ways most scientists believe could lead to more storm activity and
flooding, as well as to a gradual increase of the ocean level,
endangering fresh water supplies and threatening low lying countries and
island nations.  The Kyoto conference represents a rare attempt by
humanity to act collectively with foresight on risks which are unevenly
shared. =20

For more information visit the following web-sites:

http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/index.text.html

http://www.law.pace.edu/env/energy/globalwarming.html

http://www.columbia.edu/cu/21stC/issue-1.1/global.htm

http://www.westernfuels.org/home.htm

http://www.unfccc.de

http://phoebus.stanford.edu/sun-on-earth/glob-warm.html

http://www.wagingpeace.org/global_warming_97.html


   FACT    ->| For years Kazakhstan served as the main testing ground for=20

   FACT    ->| Soviet nuclear weapons.  "One of every three children in=20

   FACT    ->| the eastern region of Semey [in Kazakhstan] has mental or=20

   FACT    ->| physical defects.  Anemia is rampant, cancer deaths in the=20

   FACT    ->| area increased seven-fold in the 1980s, and half the=20

   FACT    ->| population suffers from immune system deficiencies."=20

   FACT    ->| (WP 971105)


                  RUSSIA MODERNIZES ITS STRATEGIC FORCES

This month, Russia will begin deploying a new ballistic missile--that is
considered to be both cheaper and more accurate than its predecessor.=20
According to Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev, the first Topol-M missiles
will be deployed at the Tatishchevo strategic missile base, near the
Volga River city of Saratov.  The advanced version of the Topol
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) carries a single nuclear
warhead and can be deployed in silos or on mobile launchers. (AP=20
971114)

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                     /#/    NEWS BRIEF

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*BRITAIN: The UK government banned all fishing within 2 km of the
Dounreay nuclear plant on the north coast of Scotland after nuclear fuel
was found on the seabed. (NewSc 971108)


*FRANCE: Government figures for civil Plutonium stocks, valid as of 31
December 1996, give a total of 65.4 tonnes of non-irradiated civil
material and 152.5 tonnes contained in spent nuclear fuel. (NucNet 384
970910)


* IRAN: Israeli officials estimate Iran will complete development of the
Shahab 3--a ballistic missile capable of reaching Israeli cities more
than 1200 km (750 miles) away -- within one to two years. (Reuters
971119)


* US: The U.S. Congress passed a $268.2 billion defense authorization
bill that represents an increase of $2.6 billion over Clinton's request
for the fiscal year that began October 1 and an increase of more than $4
billion compared with last year's defense spending. (SFC 971115)


* US: Last month, the US purchased 21 advanced MiG fighter jets (capable
of delivering nuclear weapons) from the former Soviet Republic of
Moldova.  Pentagon officials claim they wanted to deny sale of the
aircraft to Iran and keep pieces of the old Soviet nuclear arsenal off
the open market. (NYT, WP 971105)


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                          WHAT CAN I DO?

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1)=3D=3D> A U.S.-Chinese agreement last month cleared the way for U.S.
manufacturers (Westinghouse, G.E., etc) to sell nuclear reactors to
China, where no reactor has been sold since 1978.  It appears that U.S.
policy on this matter is driven by commercial interests and adds to the
global problem of nuclear proliferation.  Protest this policy decision! =20

      =3D=3D> CONTACT THE PRESIDENT:     mailto:president@whitehouse.gov


2)=3D=3D> President Bill Clinton has sent the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty
(CTBT) to he U.S. Senate.  Key Senators are threatening its ratification.=20

      =3D=3D> E-MAIL YOUR SENATORS:        http://www.senate.gov/senator/

           Let them know what you think.

=20

3)=3D=3D> SIGN THE ABOLITION 2000 INTERNATIONAL PETITION

            http://www.wagingpeace.org/intlpetition.html


4)=3D=3D> CHECK OUT OUR WEB-PAGE:       http://www.wagingpeace.org/


5)=3D=3D> FORWARD THIS NEWSLETTER TO A FRIEND


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                     DECEMBER DATES TO REMEMBER  =20

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2 December, 1942: The world=92s first artificial chain reaction produced at
the University of Chicago by a scientific team headed by Enrico Fermi.=20
Leo Szilard and Enrico Fermi originate the method of arranging graphite
and uranium which makes possible the first self-sustaining nuclear
reaction.


4 December, 1986: "Establishment of a Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone in the
Middle East" resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly.


9 December, 1950: Genereal MacArthur requests discretionary authority to
use atomic weapons during Korean War.


10 December 1997: Human Rights Day: 49th anniversary of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights see:=20
http://www.wagingpeace.org/univdec.html


10 December 1997: The Nobel Peace Prize will be awarded to Jody Williams
and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL).


12 December, 1959: UN Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
established.


16 December, 1966: International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights adopted by UN General Assembly.


21 December, 1965: Convention of the Elimination of All forms of Racial
Discrimination is adopted by UN General Assembly.


28 December, 1982: Nuclear Age Peace Foundation founded.


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                          FOUNDATION NEWS

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* NEW ISSUE OF WAGING PEACE WORLDWIDE=20

The Foundation=92s newest issue of the WAGING PEACE WORLDWIDE journal will
be out soon. The journal features an interview with JOSEPH ROTBLAT and
articles by THE LORD YEHUDI MENUHIN, FRANK KELLY, TRISHA PRITIKIN, and
JACKIE CABASSO.  The Journal also announced the winners of the 1997
Swackhamer Peace Essay Prize and the winners of the 1997 Lena Chang
Scholarship Awards. =20


Members receive the journal on a regular basis.  Some articles, however,
will be put up on our web-site very soon.  =3D=3D> Keep checking our web-sit=
e
http://www.wagingpeace.org

Award information can be found at
http://www.wagingpeace.org/programs.html


* NEW RESOURCES=20


The following new AUDIO TAPES can be ordered from the Foundation for
$8.00 each plus $3.00 for shipping and handling:

- "The Social Responsibility of Scientists," by Joseph Rotblat

- "A World Without War," by Joseph Rotblat

- "Musicians Don=92t Make War," by Yehudi Menuhin


FREE OF CHARGE

- "President Clinton and Disarmament: Missing an Appointment with
History?" by David Krieger=20

    =3D=3D> also at: http://www.wagingpeace.org/clinton_disarmament.html

- "NATO: The Mirage of Expansion," by Yehudi Menuhin

    =3D=3D> also at: http://www.wagingpeace.org/nato_expansion_ym.html

- "The Worst Geopolitical Idea Since the Treat of Versailles," an=20

   interview with Janet Bloomfield

    =3D=3D> also at: http://www.wagingpeace.org/nato_expansion_jb.html

- "From Controlled Menace to Uncontrolled Menace," by Gene R. Kelley

    =3D=3D> also at:=20
http://www.wagingpeace.org/nuclear_disarmament_grk.html

- Information packet on Abolition 2000


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                             FEEDBACK

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             PLEASE SEND US YOUR QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS

                     mailto:wagingpeace@napf.org


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                              EDITORS

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     David Krieger, J.D., Ph.D.  -  Christoph Hanterman, Ph.D.


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