[Hpn] With carts in tow, Indonesian street scavengers brace for crackdown

William C. Tinker wtinker@verizon.net
Sun, 02 Mar 2008 23:52:54 -0500


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http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5iKNrI_NxFNdxi9LBCo2BAkxqOPqg  =20
    =20
      A scavenger takes a rest in Jakarta
    =20


    =20

With carts in tow, Indonesian street scavengers brace for crackdown
55 minutes ago

JAKARTA (AFP) - By day Indonesia's scavengers pile rubbish into their =
carts and by night they creep inside them to sleep on the streets, ever =
fearful of capture by public order officials whose patrols are =
escalating.

A new law in the Indonesian capital, which came into effect last month, =
imposes tougher penalties on the swelling army of homeless who sift =
through the detritus of the rich to earn enough to feed their families.

Jakarta's unwanted are so far oblivious to the new crackdown, but they =
have long played cat-and-mouse with roaming officials.

Buyung, who works the streets with his wife and two-year-old in tow, =
used to work as a food vendor but went broke about five years ago. His =
story is typical of Indonesia's burgeoning homeless.

"There's no other job for me but to be a scavenger," the 32-year-old =
migrant from Sumatra says while taking a break in a park, his wife lying =
on a filthy mat unfolded from the cart as their toddler plays barefoot.

"What I earn today is only enough to buy food. There's nothing left for =
renting a room," he says, adding this means the cart serves as home as =
well.

His wife and daughter sleep in the wood-and-tin contraption he bought =
for 300,000 rupiah (about 30 dollars) a few years ago. He lies on a mat =
just outside -- unless it rains, in which case they all huddle together.

Buyung earns about two dollars a day. Plastic cups sell for up to 6,000 =
rupiah per kilogram (2.2 pounds); cardboard nets him 1,000 rupiah for a =
similar weight, while paper fetches just 500 rupiah.

"Our cart is our life, as my family depends on it 100 percent," he says.

To Jakarta's bureaucrats, Buyung and his fellow scavengers are a blight =
on the capital, which already struggles with chronic snarled traffic, =
choking pollution and flash flooding after monsoon rains.

A spike in their numbers has forced harsher action against them, says =
Endang Murni, head of the administration's public order division. She =
says she cannot estimate how many scavengers there are.

The homeless, including the families in carts, "are mushrooming as =
people live in economically far tougher times now," Murni said.

Her office has quadrupled its number of public order agents -- from =
1,500 to 6,000 -- since 2005 in a bid to snare the itinerants.

Nearly 16,000 people were snared on the streets in 2007 and forced to =
pay a fine of 50,000 rupiah or head to jail for a month.

Practically all paid the penalty and headed straight back to the =
streets, Murni says. But the latest law imposes a penalty of up to 20 =
million rupiah, or up to 60 days in jail.

"We need to give them sanctions that are a deterrent. This is so =
important for the city's comfort, and public order," she says.

Ibu Tati, a 54-year-old who has been scavenging for more than 20 years, =
has not heard of the new drive but recalls the humiliation of being =
captured in the past.

"My cart was demolished in front of me and I was brought to a dormitory =
designated for street people," Tati says. Training homes aimed at =
teaching the scavengers new skills are often offered as an alternative =
to fines or jail.

Tati says she was kept in one for a month before authorities moved her =
to the city of Cirebon, in West Java, to work in the gardens of a =
government office.

But she fled back to Jakarta as soon as she could, preferring her =
freedom as a scavenger and seeing the capital as her home.

"It was difficult for me that time to restart my life, as I lost my most =
crucial possession," she says, referring to her cart.

Nowadays Tati focuses on rubbish from office buildings during the week, =
and at weekends keeps an eye out for parties.

"I love a party. If any house has a party, I just wait there outside =
until the party is over to pick up the garbage."

Buyung and his family have also been caught in the past.

"My daughter was only nine months old when public order officials took =
away our cart and all our belongings stocked inside," he says, adding =
that he too did not know of the administration's latest drive to get him =
off the streets.

Though he would rather not be collecting rubbish, Buyung defends his =
trade.

"Nobody wants to lead this kind of life," he says. "But it's far better =
than being a loser like a beggar. It's more shameful -- they don't have =
any pride or make an effort in life."



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      <P>A scavenger takes a rest in Jakarta</P></TD></TR>
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<DIV class=3D"g-unit hn-copy" id=3Dhn-articlebody>
<H1>With carts in tow, Indonesian street scavengers brace for =
crackdown</H1>
<P class=3Dhn-byline><SPAN class=3Dhn-date>55 minutes ago</SPAN></P>
<P>JAKARTA (AFP) =97 By day Indonesia's scavengers pile rubbish into =
their carts=20
and by night they creep inside them to sleep on the streets, ever =
fearful of=20
capture by public order officials whose patrols are escalating.</P>
<P>A new law in the Indonesian capital, which came into effect last =
month,=20
imposes tougher penalties on the swelling army of homeless who sift =
through the=20
detritus of the rich to earn enough to feed their families.</P>
<P>Jakarta's unwanted are so far oblivious to the new crackdown, but =
they have=20
long played cat-and-mouse with roaming officials.</P>
<P>Buyung, who works the streets with his wife and two-year-old in tow, =
used to=20
work as a food vendor but went broke about five years ago. His story is =
typical=20
of Indonesia's burgeoning homeless.</P>
<P>"There's no other job for me but to be a scavenger," the 32-year-old =
migrant=20
from Sumatra says while taking a break in a park, his wife lying on a =
filthy mat=20
unfolded from the cart as their toddler plays barefoot.</P>
<P>"What I earn today is only enough to buy food. There's nothing left =
for=20
renting a room," he says, adding this means the cart serves as home as =
well.</P>
<P>His wife and daughter sleep in the wood-and-tin contraption he bought =
for=20
300,000 rupiah (about 30 dollars) a few years ago. He lies on a mat just =
outside=20
-- unless it rains, in which case they all huddle together.</P>
<P>Buyung earns about two dollars a day. Plastic cups sell for up to =
6,000=20
rupiah per kilogram (2.2 pounds); cardboard nets him 1,000 rupiah for a =
similar=20
weight, while paper fetches just 500 rupiah.</P>
<P>"Our cart is our life, as my family depends on it 100 percent," he =
says.</P>
<P>To Jakarta's bureaucrats, Buyung and his fellow scavengers are a =
blight on=20
the capital, which already struggles with chronic snarled traffic, =
choking=20
pollution and flash flooding after monsoon rains.</P>
<P>A spike in their numbers has forced harsher action against them, says =
Endang=20
Murni, head of the administration's public order division. She says she =
cannot=20
estimate how many scavengers there are.</P>
<P>The homeless, including the families in carts, "are mushrooming as =
people=20
live in economically far tougher times now," Murni said.</P>
<P>Her office has quadrupled its number of public order agents -- from =
1,500 to=20
6,000 -- since 2005 in a bid to snare the itinerants.</P>
<P>Nearly 16,000 people were snared on the streets in 2007 and forced to =
pay a=20
fine of 50,000 rupiah or head to jail for a month.</P>
<P>Practically all paid the penalty and headed straight back to the =
streets,=20
Murni says. But the latest law imposes a penalty of up to 20 million =
rupiah, or=20
up to 60 days in jail.</P>
<P>"We need to give them sanctions that are a deterrent. This is so =
important=20
for the city's comfort, and public order," she says.</P>
<P>Ibu Tati, a 54-year-old who has been scavenging for more than 20 =
years, has=20
not heard of the new drive but recalls the humiliation of being captured =
in the=20
past.</P>
<P>"My cart was demolished in front of me and I was brought to a =
dormitory=20
designated for street people," Tati says. Training homes aimed at =
teaching the=20
scavengers new skills are often offered as an alternative to fines or =
jail.</P>
<P>Tati says she was kept in one for a month before authorities moved =
her to the=20
city of Cirebon, in West Java, to work in the gardens of a government=20
office.</P>
<P>But she fled back to Jakarta as soon as she could, preferring her =
freedom as=20
a scavenger and seeing the capital as her home.</P>
<P>"It was difficult for me that time to restart my life, as I lost my =
most=20
crucial possession," she says, referring to her cart.</P>
<P>Nowadays Tati focuses on rubbish from office buildings during the =
week, and=20
at weekends keeps an eye out for parties.</P>
<P>"I love a party. If any house has a party, I just wait there outside =
until=20
the party is over to pick up the garbage."</P>
<P>Buyung and his family have also been caught in the past.</P>
<P>"My daughter was only nine months old when public order officials =
took away=20
our cart and all our belongings stocked inside," he says, adding that he =
too did=20
not know of the administration's latest drive to get him off the =
streets.</P>
<P>Though he would rather not be collecting rubbish, Buyung defends his=20
trade.</P>
<P>"Nobody wants to lead this kind of life," he says. "But it's far =
better than=20
being a loser like a beggar. It's more shameful -- they don't have any =
pride or=20
make an effort in life."</P></DIV></DIV>
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