[Hpn] Sept. 11 fallout may include more homeless;Philadelphia Inquirer;10/15/01

Morgan W. Brown norsehorse@hotmail.com
Mon, 15 Oct 2001 09:34:01 -0400


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Monday, October 15, 2001
Philadelphia Inquirer <http://inq.philly.com>
[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]
Local News section
Sept. 11 fallout may include more homeless

By Elisa Ung

The number of people sleeping on Center City streets is rising and city 
officials and homeless-advocacy groups say the problem could be aggravated 
by economic uncertainties accompanying the recent terrorist attacks.

The staggering business disruptions caused by the Sept. 11 attacks have 
resulted in thousands of new unemployment claims and have sunk an already 
shaky job market even deeper, city officials said.

In addition, thousands of local families could be thrown off welfare next 
year if the state enforces its five-year limit on benefits.

"If we continue to see layoffs, if the economy continues to go south and 
jobs become much harder to find, and if people in our shelter system begin 
to compete with folks who are just being laid off in the job market - then 
it won't bode well for us," said Robert Hess, city deputy managing director 
of special-needs housing.

According to figures from Project HOME, which contracts with the city to 
provide outreach services, police counted 824 people sleeping on the street 
on a given night in Center City in the summer of 1997 - an all-time high.

A controversial sidewalk-behavior ordinance, enacted in 1999, brought money 
and outreach resources. The number of people on Center City streets 
declined; Project HOME figures showed a low of 77 counted on one night in 
early 2000, and only 245 in the fall.

This year, however, the numbers increased to 126 in the early months and 306 
in September, and outreach workers have reported seeing newer and younger 
faces on the streets.

Project HOME plans to conduct a survey later this week to interview all 
those who sleep on Center City streets to find out why the numbers are 
rising. The numbers typically represent only about a tenth of the city's 
total homeless population.

"Homelessness is symptomatic of deeper societal problems," said Sister Mary 
Scullion, executive director of Project HOME. "When the economy took a 
deeper turn, it's not unexpected that the numbers of people who are homeless 
would increase."

Christine Verrier, director of the Greater Philadelphia Urban Affairs 
Coalition's Blueprint to End Homelessness, said: "I fear our resources are 
going to be narrowing when the need's going to be widening."

City officials say up to 8,500 Philadelphia families face losing cash 
assistance when their five-year welfare limit runs out between March and 
July of next year. Advocates are pushing for reprieves, warning that the 
deadline could wreak havoc for those families.

Last week, the city began meeting with advocates for the homeless to develop 
strategies to combat the problem. The focus, Hess said, has been on finding 
permanent housing and reducing the average length of time spent in shelters, 
currently about four months.

This fiscal year, the city cut the emergency-shelter budget by about 10 
percent - roughly $1 million - and redirected the money to provide case 
managers for families who move to permanent housing, Hess said.

The city is also awaiting the start of a rigorous program for single men 
with a history of substance-abuse problems who will work for wages, pay 
rent, save money, and submit to regular drug tests.

According to administrators of the program, which is known as Ready, Willing 
and Able, 63 percent of its participants complete the program within 13 
months. Of that number, 85 percent keep full-time work, remain drug-free, 
and are in unsubsidized housing 18 months later.

"It's an impressive success rate," Hess said of the program, which began in 
New York and has since spread to other cities. Its 70-bed Philadelphia 
facility is scheduled to open later this month, at 1211 Bainbridge St., with 
$1.1 million in city funding. Many of the participants will work in 
Fairmount Park, learning horticulture-training programs.

Project HOME plans to open eight four-bedroom apartments in the 2700 block 
of Diamond Street later this month, the second phase of a three-part $13.7 
million project to address the needs of 75 formerly homeless families.

"There's intense energy building in the community," Hess said, "a real 
awareness and concern for people experiencing homelessness."

Hess has headed the Street administration's homelessness project for seven 
months, though his background has largely been in advocacy. Injured in a 
1979 paratrooper-training accident after five years in the Army, he took a 
job in a thrift shop run by the nonprofit Disabled American Veterans.

He wound up running the thrift shop and later, the organization's economic 
programs. Most recently, Hess was head of the Center for Poverty Solutions, 
a nonprofit homeless-advocacy group in his native Baltimore.

When recruited to lead Philadelphia's homeless programs, Hess conceded that 
he was skeptical of the city's sidewalk-behavior ordinance, which bans 
aggressive panhandling and sitting or lying on sidewalks.

"I was afraid police would use heavy-handed tactics," Hess said. "What it 
[the ordinance] really did was create new kinds of outreach teams to do new 
kinds of interventions."

Philadelphia Police Sgt. Michael Taylor of the Ninth District in Center City 
says only two people have been arrested under the ordinance, both of whom 
were sitting together on the Ben Franklin Parkway in early 2000. Police 
believe neither was homeless, and charges were eventually dropped.

A man who identified himself as Rick Rude, 34, who says he has lived on the 
street for about five years, said the ordinance has forced him to get 
smarter about where he sleeps. Once a fixture on a bench near City Hall, he 
has moved several blocks north.

"Since they had that crackdown, more people are starting to come into 
shelters. Then again, you've got your diehards," said Rude, waiting for a 
shower last week at the day center run by the Philadelphia Committee to End 

At its headquarters at 802 N. Broad St., the nonprofit agency provides 
showers, clean clothes and phone calls for adults.

Center officials say the city's numbers are not necessarily reliable. They 
say they have seen no notable increase in people coming in off the streets, 
but then again, they said, they don't keep count - they're more interested 
in the issues behind the steady stream of people shuffling in.

Later this month, the center plans to issue its own report with strategies 
for ending homelessness in the next decade.

"We don't believe expansion of the system would end homelessness," deputy 
director Roosevelt Darby said. "We're working toward ending this problem, 
not managing it."

A man who identified himself only as Val said he tried shelters on several 
occasions. Val, who gave his age as 49, said he had been sleeping on or 
around the Parkway since a fire destroyed his home in Logan three months 

Wrapped in blankets on a bench in front of the Free Library last week, his 
breath visible in the chilly night, he said he was happier on the street 
than in shelters.

"They said they can't put you up if you don't have a drug problem. Why don't 
they have a shelter for guys like me, who are just down on their luck, don't 
have no drug problems?

"The guys showed me how to survive out here. . . . This is just a temporary 
thing. Things will work out for me."

Elisa Ung's e-mail address is eung@phillynews.com.


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Morgan <norsehorse@hotmail.com>
Morgan W. Brown
Montpelier Vermont USA

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