Tue, 2 Oct 2001 22:16:47 +0900
this FW ALERT E-mail is from Jakarta, Indonesia.
our poor comrades are innocent, our comrades must not be evicted & moved.
please support our comrades!! (rebel-JILL)
Below is the update given to me by Wardah Hafidz, head
of Urban Poor Consortium. As you can see, Jakarta
Governor Sutyoso persists in his campaign to make
Jakarta a slumless city: no pedicabs, no urban poor
settlements, no sidewalk vendors, no sidewalk
The poor of course are telling him that this is wrong
and inhuman, for they are part of the city and
contribute to its growth and development. Moreover,
they are fighting for their universal human rights, in
particular their rights to life and livelihood and to
housing -- rights enshrined in UN covenants and
ratified by the government of Indonesia.
Unfortunately, the new government of President
Megawati Sukarnoputri seems not to care or as her
husband was allegedly heard to say, her government
cannot be bothered by such "trivial" things.
The people persist in their struggle and resistance.
Most of Jakarta's media are sympathetic to them. And
many in the middle class, especially the
professionals, support them. The people continue to
operate their five public kitchens. As the women cooks
of the kitchen say, the kitchen sustains the fighting
spirit of the pedicab drivers and the urban poor.
Aside from material help, can you call the attention
of the media in your city and country to what is
happening in Jakarta? Or perhaps some government
people in your country who can send some cautionary
advice to the government of Pres Megawati, Indonesian
political leaders, and Jakarta Governor Sutyoso.
(His term is ending sometime next year and probably is
angling for another government job)? Or if you have
contacts with international funders such as the World
Bank, IMF, ADB, JBIC and other donor countries. They
will meet Nov 6 - 7 in Jakarta to hold a donors
meeting. Supposedly, private alleviation or reduction
is part of their agenda. What is happening in Jakarta
is certainly not poverty alleviation. It can only be
worse if some of the money will be used to support
Governor Sutyoso's slumless city plan, including the
construction of huge monuments and statues to
Indonesian heroes in several Jakarta streets.
>From government people in your country and the donors,
we request that they put in their advice or suggestion
to the Indonesians to go easy on what they are doing
to the pedicabs and urban poor in Jakarta and to
convince Governor Sutyoso to sit down with the people
and have a dialogue with them, preferably with the
presence of some of Pres. Megawati's people. The
Jakarta poor have been asking the governor to dialogue
with them, but he continues to refuse.
October is Habitat month, please help make it
meaningful for our urban poor brothers and sisters in
Eviction Watch - Asian Coalition for Housing Rights
UPDATE,August to 26 September 2001
A. NUMBER OF CASUALTIES OF STATE VIOLENCE
AGAINST THE URBAN POOR OF JAKARTA
1. Confiscated becak
$B'9(B Central Jakarta 1904
$B'9(B North Jakarta 2283
$B'9(B West Jakarta 2665
$B'9(B East Jakarta 2147
Total number who lost jobs 8999
This means 8999 people lost their jobs, thus the same
number of families lost their earnings.
2. Food vendors (evicted, demolished) 71.857
3. Car wash service (demolished) 40
4. Houses (demolished) 1.010
Total number of people lost jobs 72.907
3. Urban poor arrested/detained
$B'9(B 436 street sex workers
$B'9(B 23 lepers and mentally disturbed
$B'9(B 12 alms collectors
$B'9(B 735 beggars and homeless
$B'9(B 27 difables
$B'9(B 95 stree children
$B'9(B 329 $B!#%!(Binformal$B!#%#(B traffic policemen
$B'9(B 250 street musicians
$B'9(B 386 others
4. Houses demolished 1.010
B. Chornology of Urban Poor Resistance
5 September 2001-09-26
Pademangan Subdistrict, North Jakarta
Confiscation of becak started at 02.00 a.m. One becak
driver was shot by the police in a physical
confrontation that followed. Becak drivers, street
vendors and others retaliated, they attacked
Pademangan sub-district office, resulted in glass
windows, the foor and the front gate of the office all
Teluk Gong, North Jakarta
Confiscation operation started by 04.30 a.m. One becak
driver who alerted his friends by beating the lamp
post was gang-beaten by around 20 municipality
security guards; his skull was 10cm fractured.
7 September 2001: Muara Angke, North Jakarta
A physical confrontation between becak drivers, food
vendors and others with municipality security guards
has resulted in 5 becak drivers badly injured.
11 September 2001: Muara Baru, North Jakarta
Hundreds of becak drivers demonstrated at the Muara
Baru village office that resulted in the village head
agreed to stop becak eviction in the area.
13 September 2001: Jelambar Baru, West Jakarta
Confiscation of becaks happened in Jelambar Baru the
day before. Hundreds of becak drivers, food vendors
and others attacked Jelambar Baru village office. The
glass windows, doors and roof were broken.
15 September 2001: Municipality Office of East Jakarta
More than 500 becak drivers, street vendors, street
children and others attacked EastJakarta municipality
office, resulted in glass doors, windows and roof were
broken and 1 bus ruined.
One becak driver was badhly hurt in the head, 4 others
were detained in the Jakarta police headquarters. They
were interrogated, beaten and was jailed in a very
small room together with around 15 more people.
17 September 2001: Kalianyar, West Jakarta
A municipality team confiscated a number of becaks in
Kalianyar. Hundreds of urban poor, the majority of
whom were becak drivers then attacked the village
office. They threw stones to the building, the glass
windows and doors of the office.
Three becak drivers were arrested, one was released on
21 September, the other two were still detained in the
police precinct of Tambora, West Jakarta. The two were
25 September 2001: Angke, North Jakarta
1 becak in Angke, North Jakarta and 5 in Kwitang,
Central Jakarta wre confiscated.
26 September 2001: Sunter, Central Jakarta
16 becaks were confiscated, the team involved hundreds
of policemen, mobile brigade, the army and
municipality security guards.
Sources: UPC (field data and clippings)