[Hpn] FWD: we need a Housing Bill of Rights

Bonnie Briggs s248_1132@hotmail.com
Mon, 05 Nov 2001 21:34:34 +0000


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<DIV>General </DIV>
<DIV>Hi guys,</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp; I thought I would pass this on to you. I know it's long, but this is important. I think it's a great idea. </DIV>
<DIV>Bonnie</DIV>
<DIV>________________________________________________________________</DIV>
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<DIV>Remember the homeless 
<DIV>&gt;----- Original Message ----- </DIV>
<DIV></DIV>&gt;From: Michael Shapcott <MICHAEL.SHAPCOTT@SYMPATICO.CA>
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Canada needs a housing bill of rights! 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Please circulate this message far and wide. Feel free to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;post it on any 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Web sites, or pass along to others on your lists who are 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;concerned about 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing and homelessness. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Housing is not only an absolute necessity, but it is a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;fundamental right 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for everyone in Canada. While the federal government has 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adopted 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;numerous international covenants and other legal instruments 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;recognize the right to housing, Ottawa has failed to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;explicitly 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;incorporate the right to housing into domestic law. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Libby Davies, MP for Vancouver East, is planning to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;introduce a private 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;members' bill calling for a Housing Bill of Rights during 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;November. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;I've included the full text in the body of this message. I 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;can also send 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;a Word or Rich Text file, if you want. Please send a request 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;to me at 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the e-mail message below. Sorry for the length of this 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;message, but the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;bill is critically important. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Many groups and individuals across the country are backing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;initiative. They are calling on all political parties and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;all MPs to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;support the housing bill. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Motions and bills from private members often fail to reach 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the voting 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;stage in the House of Commons, generally because the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;governing party 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;refuses to give its consent. But if there is strong support 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;from MPs of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;several parties, especially the Liberals, then there is a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;better chance 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of moving the Housing Bill of Rights forward. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;We know that many MPs from several political parties agree 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;federal government needs to take strong action to address 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;nation-wide housing crisis and homelessness disaster. Now is 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the time to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;call on those MPs to show their support for this important 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;initiative. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Here's what you can do to help: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;- call or fax your Member of Parliament and ask them to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;support the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Housing Bill of Rights when it comes in front of the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Commons. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;- ask your MP to tell their caucus colleagues, the Minister 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Responsible 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and the Prime 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Minister that 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;they support the Housing Bill of Rights. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;It's important to act quickly, since the bill is being 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;introduced by the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;end of November. Every fax, every letter will help. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Please e-mail Michael Shapcott of the National Housing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Homelessness 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Network at michael.shapcott@sympatico.ca with the response 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;from your MP. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Thanks for helping in this critical campaign. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;- Michael Shapcott 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;* * * 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;An Act to provide for adequate, accessible and affordable 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing for 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Canadians 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Preamble 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the provision of and access to adequate housing is a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;fundamental 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;human right according to Article 25(1) of the United Nations 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Declaration 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of Human Rights, which states: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the health 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and well-being of himself [or herself] and of his [her] 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;family, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;including food, clothing, housing and medical care and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;necessary social 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;services, and the right to security in the event of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;unemployment, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;livelihood in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;circumstances beyond his [her] control." 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS Canada signed the International Covenant on 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Economic, Social and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Cultural Rights in 1976, a legally binding treaty, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;committing Canada to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;make progress on fully realizing all economic, social and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;cultural 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rights, including the right to adequate housing, as outlined 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;in Article 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;11(1) of the Covenant: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;right of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself [or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;herself] and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;his [her] family, including adequate food, clothing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing, and to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the continuous improvement of living conditions. The States 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Parties will 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;take appropriate steps to ensure the realization of this 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;right ..." 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the enjoyment of other human rights such as those to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;privacy, to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;respect for the home, to freedom of movement, to be free 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;from 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;discrimination, to environmental health, to security of the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;person, to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;freedom of association, to equality before the law and other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rights are 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;indivisible from and indispensable to the realization of the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;right to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adequate housing; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the immediate action required by State Parties to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the Covenant 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;arises out of Article 2(2) of the Covenant which provides 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that State 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Parties undertake to take steps to carry out its provisions 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;by all 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;appropriate means, including particularly the adoption of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;legislative 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;measures; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Cultural 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Rights has interpreted this to mean that State Parties are 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;obliged to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;immediately begin to adopt measures towards the full 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;enjoyment by 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;everyone of the right to housing. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the United Nations Committee has been highly critical of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Canada's failure to make progress on the provision of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adequate housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for all Canadian's, a criticism made most recently in its 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;December 10, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;1998 concluding observations, which state: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"The Committee is gravely concerned that such a wealthy 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;country as 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Canada has allowed the problem of homelessness and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;inadequate housing to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;grow to such proportions that the mayors of Canada's 10 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;largest cities 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;have now declared homelessness a national disaster." 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the United Nations Committee issued a specific 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;recommendation 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that Canada implement a national strategy aimed at reducing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;homelessness 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and poverty, stating: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"The Committee recommends that the federal, provincial and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;territorial 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;governments address homelessness and inadequate housing as a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;emergency by reinstating or increasing, as the case may be, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;social 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing programmes for those in need, improving and properly 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;enforcing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;anti-discrimination legislation in the field of housing, </DIV>
<DIV>&gt;increasing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;shelter allowances and social assistance rates to realistic 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;levels, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;providing adequate support services for persons with 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;disabilities, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;improving protection of security of tenure for tenants and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;improving 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;protection of affordable rental housing stock from 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conversion to other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;uses. The Committee urges the State Party to implement a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;strategy for the reduction of homelessness and poverty"; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS Canada's wealth and national budget are more than 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adequate to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;ensure that every woman, child, and man residing in Canada 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;has secure, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adequate, accessible and affordable housing as part of a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;standard of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;living that will provide healthy, physical, intellectual, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;emotional, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;spiritual and social development and a good quality of life; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; WHEREAS achievement of improved housing conditions is best 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;realized 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;through co-operative partnerships of government, civil 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;society and the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;meaningful involvement of local communities; and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;WHEREAS the Parliament of Canada wishes to ensure the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;establishment of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national goals and programs that seek to improve the quality 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of life for 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;all Canadians as a basic right; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;THEREFORE Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the Senate 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Short Title 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;1. This Act may be cited as the Housing Bill of Rights. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Interpretation 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;2. The definitions in this section apply in this Act. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"accessible housing" means housing that is accessible to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;individuals who are intended to occupy it including those 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;who are 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;disadvantaged by age, physical or mental disability, medical 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;condition </DIV>
<DIV>&gt;or by being victims of a natural disaster. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"adequate housing" means housing that is habitable and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;structurally 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;sound, and that provides sufficient space and protection 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;against cold, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;damp, heat, rain, wind, noise, pollution and other threats 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;to health. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"affordable housing" means housing that is available at a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;cost that does 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;not compromise the attainment and satisfaction of an 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;individuals other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;basic needs of life, including needs for food, clothing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;access to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;education. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;"Minister" means the Minister of Public Works and Government 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Services. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Rights respecting housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Right re provision of housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;3.(1) Subject to this Act, every individual has the right to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;secure, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;adequate, accessible and affordable housing, as defined in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this Act. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Rights enjoyed free of discrimination 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) Every individual has the right to housing referred to in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;section 2 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;free from the discrimination referred to in subsection (3). 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Forbidden grounds of discrimination 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(3) No person shall make any discrimination in another's 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;right to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing established by this Act on the basis of race, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;physical 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;disability, family status or the presence of children, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;sexual 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;orientation, medical status, citizenship, level of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;education, employment 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;status, social condition or reliance on welfare or other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;public 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;assistance. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Security in the enjoyment of housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;4. Every individual has the following rights, with respect 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;to housing: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) security of tenure against arbitrary eviction, forced 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;relocation, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;expropriation or threat of any of them, or other from of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;harassment; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) a right to housing that is appropriate to those with 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;special needs, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;including the availability of attention combined with 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;independence; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(c) a right for all children, women and men to a home in a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;safe and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;healthy environment; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(d) a right to a home free from violence, threat of violence 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;or other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;form of harassment, both domestic and from outside the home; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(e) a right to enjoyment and respect of privacy in the home; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(f) a right to the economic security that results from &gt;protection from 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rent, property tax or other housing cost increases that 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(i) are sudden or excessive; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(ii) are primarily intended to yield an unreasonable profit 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;or increase 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;in the value of rental property; or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(iii) have the effect of diminishing the other rights 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;established by 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this Act. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Enforcement, offences and penalties 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Enforcement of rights 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;5. Every individual has the right of access to a court of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;competent 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;jurisdiction to bring an action to enforce the rights to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;which they are 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;entitled under sections 3 and 4 or otherwise under this Act 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;or under any 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;other laws designed to grant rights to, ensure security in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and prevent 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;discrimination with regard to access to housing. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Other remedies protected 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) Subsection (1) does not reduce or abrogate any other 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;remedy 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;available at law. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Offences and penalties 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;6.(1) Every person or legal entity who contravenes any 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provision of this 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Act or takes away, or threatens a right of an individual 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;granted by 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this Act is guilty of an offence and punishable on summary 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conviction 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) to a fine of not more than $5000 for a first offence, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) to a fine of not more than $10,000 or to imprisonment 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for not more 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;than six months or to both fine and imprisonment for a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;second or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;subsequent offence. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Separate offences 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an act or omission 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that takes 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;away or threatens the rights of more than one individual 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;constitutes a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;separate offence in respect of each such individual. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Government policies and housing strategy 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;General government housing policies 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;7.(1) The Minister shall develop and undertake, in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;cooperation with the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;governments of the provinces and municipalities, including &gt;the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conference referred to in section 12, policies to ensure 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that the costs 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of housing in Canada do not prevent or threaten the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;attainment and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;satisfaction of other basic needs including needs for food, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;clothing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;access to education. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Financial assistance 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) Policies mentioned in subsection (1) must provide for: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) financial assistance in respect or rent for those who 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;are otherwise 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;unable to afford the rights to rental housing established by 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this Act; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) availability of finance and credit free from 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;discrimination based on 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;a characteristic listed as a forbidden ground of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;discrimination in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;subsection 3(3) for those who, with such finance and credit, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;may be able 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;to purchase housing. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;National housing strategy for the economically disadvantaged 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;8.(1) The Minister shall develop and undertake, in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;cooperation with the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;governments of the provinces and municipalities, including 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conference referred to in section 12, a national housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;strategy and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;programs to carry it out to ensure the fulfillment of the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rights granted 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;by this Act. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Elements of strategy 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) A national housing strategy must provide, by January 1, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;2003, for 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing to be available to meet the requirements of this Act 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and that: 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) is adequate, affordable and accessible and on a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;not-for-profit basis 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for those who cannot otherwise afford it; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) reflects the standards of the local community 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(c) does not cost more than 30% of the occupants' pre-tax 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;household 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;income; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(d) is appropriate for different needs and provides 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;reasonable design 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;options including provision of an appropriate proportion 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;with access for 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the elderly and those with disabilities; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(e) uses design and equipment standardization where 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;appropriate to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;accelerate construction and minimize cost; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(f) includes not-for-profit rental housing projects, mixed 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;income, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;not-for-profit housing cooperatives, special needs housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;that allows senior citizens to remain in their homes as long 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;as 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;possible; and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(g) includes the housing for the homeless specified in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;section 11; and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(h) includes provision for temporary emergency housing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;shelter in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the event of disasters and crises; and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(i) provides standards for the maintenance for existing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing stock 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and for the construction and maintenance of new housing to &gt;meet 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;appropriate health, security and safety standards. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Implementation date 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(4) The national housing strategy described in this section 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;shall be 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;implemented as soon as possible in accordance with section 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;12 to ensure 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the fulfillment of subsection (5). 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Legally enforceable by 2003 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(5) The right to adequate, accessible and affordable housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;described 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;in this Act is a right that is legally enforceable from 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;January 1, 2003. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Priority for chronically ill-housed and disadvantaged 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;9. Programs developed under section 8 shall ensure priority 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;in the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provision of adequate, accessible and affordable housing to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) those who have had not had adequate, accessible and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;affordable 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing over an extended period, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) those with special housing requirements because of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;family status or 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;size or mental or physical disability, and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(c) those who have difficulty in obtaining housing because 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;characteristic listed as a forbidden ground of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;discrimination in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;subsection 3(2), 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Programs to cover the homeless 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;10. Programs developed under section 8 shall include 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provision for the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rights of the homeless described in section 11. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Special rights of the homeless 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;11. Every individual who is homeless has a right to the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;immediate 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provision by public authorities of adequate, self-contained 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;appropriate housing. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Inadequate housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) A hostel, emergency shelter or accommodation that 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provides only bed 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and breakfast is not adequate housing for the purposes of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;subsection 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(1). 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Appeal 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(3) Every homeless individual who is refused the housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provided for in 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;subsection (1) has the right to appeal the refusal in a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;court of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;competent jurisdiction. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Conference 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;12.(1) The Minister and the Minister of Public Works and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Government 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Services shall jointly, within 180 days after the coming 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;into force of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;this Act, convene a conference of the ministers of the Crown 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;for each 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;province responsible for housing and representatives of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;municipalities 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and communities. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Function of conference 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(2) The conference convened pursuant to subsection (1) shall 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(a) develop standards and objectives for the national 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing strategy 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and programs to carry it out described in section 8, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(b) set targets for commencement of the programs, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(c) recommend a time by which an additional 1% of the annual 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;expenditures of the federal and all provincial and municipal 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;governments 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2002 should be 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;assigned to the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national housing programs throughout Canada; and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;(d) develop principles of an agreement between the federal, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;provincial 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;and municipal governments for the development and delivery 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;of the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;programs. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Report to Parliament 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;13. The Minister shall cause a report on the conference, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;including the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;matters referred to in paragraphs 12(a) to (d), to be laid 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;before each 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;House of Parliament on any one of the first five days that 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the House 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;sits following the expiration of 180 days after the end of 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conference. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;Coming into force 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;14. Sections 5 and 6 and subsection 11(3) come into force on 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;January 1, 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;2003. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;SUMMARY 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;The purpose of this enactment is to respect the dignity and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;worth of all 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;women, children and men in Canada by protecting their human 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;rights 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;through the provision of adequate, accessible and affordable 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;housing and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;security in its enjoyment. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;This to be achieved by financial policies and by the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;establishment of a 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national housing strategy and programs to effect it. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;The program must ensure the supply of such housing to those 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;who cannot 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;otherwise afford it as soon as possible and as a legally 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;enforceable 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;right from January 1, 2003. 
<DIV></DIV>&gt; 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;The Minister of Public Works and Government Services is 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;required to 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;convene a conference of the three levels of government and 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;community 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;representatives within 180 days to develop and plan the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;national housing 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;strategy and programs and to report to Parliament on the 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;conference 
<DIV></DIV>&gt;within a further 180 days. 
<DIV></DIV> 
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