[Hpn] LA Times article on U.S. Census & people who are homeless

Morgan W. Brown morganbrown@hotmail.com
Thu, 28 Jun 2001 11:43:27 -0400


Below is a forward of an article just in from the LA Times on the growing 
controversy over the U.S. Census & people who are homeless which may be of 
interest:

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-------Forwarded article-------

Thursday, June 28, 2001
Los Angeles Times <http://www.latimes.com>
[California]
State News section
Census Bureau Won't Issue Homeless Count
<http://www.latimes.com/news/state/20010628/t000053294.html>

Population: Agency says there's no way to get an accurate tally. Advocates 
say the decision robs them of vital data.

By ANNETTE KONDO, Times Staff Writer


In the last few years, Los Angeles officials spent hundreds of thousands of 
dollars to try to ensure an accurate count of the homeless in Census 2000.

The city hired homeless "ambassadors" who could train others in how to find 
and approach people living on the streets. Census officials were given a 
helicopter tour of hidden encampments. Winter shelters were kept open an 
extra night.

But those efforts may have been for naught: The Census Bureau says it will 
not release an overall homeless count and it will not provide numbers of the 
people it found living in parks, encampments and other non-shelter sites.

Local homeless advocates, who estimated they spent $300,000 to improve the 
census count, said the action robs them of accurate information and makes it 
harder to equitably distribute funds.

"This population doesn't have any large advocates," said Jessica Heinz, an 
assistant Los Angeles city attorney. "We need a good count in a place like 
L.A., where we have such a large homeless population."

Census Bureau officials said Wednesday that they did not want a repeat of 
the 1990 count, in which homeless advocates immediately blasted the agency's 
tally of the homeless, calling it drastically low.

The bureau, which had originally said it would issue homeless data as part 
of a state-by-state national population report this summer, said it will 
instead issue a separate report next year about its shelter surveys.

Census officials said they became concerned that the one-night shelter count 
done in April 2000, would not provide an accurate snapshot, said Edison 
Gore, Census Bureau deputy chief of the decennial management division.

The agency also said it will not disclose surveys of the "hidden homeless" 
counted in parks, under freeway structures and in isolated camps. The 
reason, Gore said, was to prevent homeless advocates from taking those 
numbers and adding them to the shelter reports to create a national homeless 
estimate. The Census Bureau believes no such total is accurate.

"That's the misinterpretation that occurred in 1990," Gore said. "So we 
decided we are not going down that road."

Much of the money for homeless services in the county comes from the federal 
Department of Housing and Urban Development, said Natalie Profant of the Los 
Angeles Homeless Services Authority. Those grants are based on poverty and 
population numbers. But in some areas--Santa Monica, for example--the 
demographic profile of the city is not in sync with the actual demand for 
homeless services, so the census numbers would have been crucial, she said.

Profant said she was also disappointed that the bureau did not give adjusted 
shelter numbers, a plan that local Census Bureau officials had discussed 
with her.

In fact, many homeless people do not stay at shelters every night, said the 
Census Bureau's Preston J. Waite, associate director for the decennial 
census, and the bureau had planned to adjust the numbers. But too many of 
the responses on the census forms it received were confusing or unclear.

Gore and Waite said the bureau decided several years ago that it would not 
release an overall homeless number after the agency was assailed for its 
1990 data.

"There is no way we can put out a number that you can construe as a homeless 
number," Gore said. "We never had a goal to produce a tabulation of how many 
homeless people are in the country."

Barbara Duffield, education director of the National Coalition for the 
Homeless in Washington, said her agency supported the bureau's decision to 
issue separate shelter numbers but no overall count.

The homeless are no longer viewed as a population that can be counted on one 
night, Duffield said. Any one-day count of shelters, camps and people living 
in cars would be inaccurate, she said. Many people drift back and forth from 
living on the streets to fixed abodes. She cited an Urban Institute study 
last year that said 3.5 million Americans will experience homelessness over 
the course of one year.

But other advocates, such as Heinz, said the Census Bureau's withholding of 
data will be a sharp blow to assisting the poorest strata of society.

"Why would we have spent these resources?" Heinz said. "It's shocking, 
unprofessional and a waste of taxpayer money."

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**In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, this
material is distributed without charge or profit to
those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving
this type of information for non-profit research and
educational purposes only.**

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-------End of forward-------

Morgan <morganbrown@hotmail.com>
Morgan W. Brown
Montpelier Vermont USA


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