[Hpn] Summary: The Long-Term Effects of Housing Assistance on Self-Sufficiency Detailed Self-Sufficiency Detailed

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Source [ http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/rrr/rrr_5_2000/0500_3.html ]

           The Long-Term Effects of Housing Assistance on Self-Sufficiency
Detailed

      With the variety of Federal programs available to assist low-income
families with children and Americans' increasing expectation that these programs
accomplish more to meet the immediate needs of families, the Administration
wants to ensure that these programs do not perpetuate poverty by encouraging
permanent dependence on public support. A new report issued by HUD, The Long
Term Effects of Housing Assistance on Self-Sufficiency, Final Report, addresses
the intensified debate about the fundamental purpose of housing assistance for
the poor. The core question is whether the traditional goal of decent,
affordable housing should continue to be viewed as an end in itself or as a
means to economic independence.

      Few studies have examined the effects of housing assistance on
self-sufficiency, and none has addressed the long-term impacts. Long Term
Effects addresses these gaps by examining the effects of housing assistance
received by children between the ages of 10 and 16 at some point during the
period 1968-82 on four outcomes experienced in adulthood. These outcomes are
welfare receipt between ages 20 and 27, earnings above poverty between ages 25
and 27, total earnings between ages 25 and 27, and educational attainment at age
27.

      The report analyzes the impact of two types of housing assistance: public
housing and privately owned assisted housing that was built or rehabilitated
using Federal Government subsidies. These two programs comprise about 56 percent
of the total assisted-housing stock.

      The study relies on a unique database, the Panel Study of Income Dynamics
(PSID)-Assisted Housing Database, constructed by matching the addresses of all
respondents in the 28-year PSID to a national census of assisted-housing
addresses. The study also uses statistical techniques to correct for the fact
that assisted-housing residents are not a random sample of the low-income
population. Several major findings are reported in the study, including the
following:


        a.. Public housing does not have detrimental effects on the long-term
self-sufficiency outcomes of youth.

        b.. Public housing may have positive effects on a child's long-term
self-sufficiency.

        c.. Unobserved differences in family background of children who spent
time in public housing contribute to their poorer outcomes.

        d.. Public housing seems to have a stronger positive effect on children
from families that are highly dependent on public assistance, suggesting that
public housing is most beneficial for the most disadvantaged children.

      The Long Term Effects of Housing Assistance on Self-Sufficiency, Final
Report is available free from HUD USER. Use the order form.

      HUD USER may be contacted at P.O. Box 6091, Rockville, MD 20849, (800)
245-2691; in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area, (301) 519-5154; or on the
World Wide Web at http://www.huduser.org.





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Contact HUD USER | Table of Contents
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
H. C. Covington, Executive Director
I CAN! America,  LLC
Management & Resource Consultants
1.800.678.5774   Fax 1.505.209.2619
icanamerica@email.com

Homeless & Housing Resource Center
http://www.icanamerica.intranets.com
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


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          <TD vAlign=3Dbottom><FONT color=3D#006587 size=3D+1><B>The =
Long-Term=20
            Effects of Housing Assistance on Self-Sufficiency=20
          Detailed</B></FONT></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
      <P>With the variety of Federal programs available to assist =
low-income=20
      families with children and Americans' increasing expectation that =
these=20
      programs accomplish more to meet the immediate needs of families, =
the=20
      Administration wants to ensure that these programs do not =
perpetuate=20
      poverty by encouraging permanent dependence on public support. A =
new=20
      report issued by HUD, <I>The Long Term Effects of Housing =
Assistance on=20
      Self-Sufficiency, Final Report,</I> addresses the intensified =
debate about=20
      the fundamental purpose of housing assistance for the poor. The =
core=20
      question is whether the traditional goal of decent, affordable =
housing=20
      should continue to be viewed as an end in itself or as a means to =
economic=20
      independence.=20
      <P>Few studies have examined the effects of housing assistance on=20
      self-sufficiency, and none has addressed the long-term impacts. =
<I>Long=20
      Term Effects</I> addresses these gaps by examining the effects of =
housing=20
      assistance received by children between the ages of 10 and 16 at =
some=20
      point during the period 1968-82 on four outcomes experienced in =
adulthood.=20
      These outcomes are welfare receipt between ages 20 and 27, =
earnings above=20
      poverty between ages 25 and 27, total earnings between ages 25 and =
27, and=20
      educational attainment at age 27.=20
      <P>The report analyzes the impact of two types of housing =
assistance:=20
      public housing and privately owned assisted housing that was built =
or=20
      rehabilitated using Federal Government subsidies. These two =
programs=20
      comprise about 56 percent of the total assisted-housing stock.=20
      <P>The study relies on a unique database, the Panel Study of =
Income=20
      Dynamics (PSID)-Assisted Housing Database, constructed by matching =
the=20
      addresses of all respondents in the 28-year PSID to a national =
census of=20
      assisted-housing addresses. The study also uses statistical =
techniques to=20
      correct for the fact that assisted-housing residents are not a =
random=20
      sample of the low-income population. Several major findings are =
reported=20
      in the study, including the following:=20
      <P>
      <UL>
        <LI>Public housing does not have detrimental effects on the =
long-term=20
        self-sufficiency outcomes of youth.=20
        <P></P>
        <LI>Public housing may have positive effects on a child's =
long-term=20
        self-sufficiency.=20
        <P></P>
        <LI>Unobserved differences in family background of children who =
spent=20
        time in public housing contribute to their poorer outcomes.=20
        <P></P>
        <LI>Public housing seems to have a stronger positive effect on =
children=20
        from families that are highly dependent on public assistance, =
suggesting=20
        that public housing is most beneficial for the most =
disadvantaged=20
        children.</LI></UL>
      <P>
      <P><I>The Long Term Effects of Housing Assistance on =
Self-Sufficiency,=20
      Final Report</I> is available free from HUD USER. Use the <A=20
      =
href=3D"http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/rrr/rrr_5_2000/order.html">ord=
er</A>=20
      form.=20
      <P>HUD USER may be contacted at P.O. Box 6091, Rockville, MD =
20849, (800)=20
      245-2691; in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area, (301) =
519-5154; or on=20
      the World Wide Web at <A=20
      href=3D"http://www.huduser.org/">http://www.huduser.org</A>.=20
      <P></P></P></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>
<P>
<CENTER>
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<A =
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evious=20
Article</A> <BR><A=20
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USER</A>=20
| <A =
href=3D"http://www.huduser.org/periodicals/rrr/rrr_5_2000/rrr5_00.html">T=
able=20
of Contents</A> </CENTER></CENTER></DIV>
<DIV>~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~<BR>H. C. Covington, Executive =
Director<BR>I CAN!=20
America,&nbsp; LLC<BR>Management &amp; Resource=20
Consultants<BR>1.800.678.5774&nbsp;&nbsp; Fax 1.505.209.2619<BR><A=20
href=3D"mailto:icanamerica@email.com">icanamerica@email.com</A></DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Homeless &amp; Housing Resource Center<BR><A=20
href=3D"http://www.icanamerica.intranets.com">http://www.icanamerica.intr=
anets.com</A><BR>~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~<BR></DIV></BODY></HTML>

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